Glioma, It is a health problem that occurs as a result of the rapid proliferation of cells in the brain and can be devastating.
Cells in every part of the body divide periodically, helping to form new cells and thus continue life. However, from time to time, changes occur in these division periods and cells begin to multiply uncontrollably. In this case, cells that proliferate uncontrollably and replace healthy cells are called tumor cells.
Brain tumors are a health problem that can be seen in all age groups. Although some people are at high risk, it is possible for everyone to have it. Regardless of how these tumors progress, they cause serious damage to the brain tissue and skull. pressure It greatly affects the quality of life due to growths and growths and can even cause death.
Since brain tumors occur due to different reasons and their progression is different, they are examined in two different groups. In some cases, these tumor cells may show cancerous properties. However, there is an important detail that not every brain tumor is cancerous.
Types of Brain Tumors
Brain tumors occur due to various reasons benign And bad-tempered They are examined in two groups as brain tumors. Classifying these tumors is of vital importance in determining the treatment process and deciding on the measures to be taken.
At this point tumors metastasis (spread to surrounding tissues) or not, cancerous cells A classification is made by paying attention to the type and size.
Benign Brain Tumors
benign brain tumors They are brain tumors that do not have cancerous characteristics. These tumors often occur due to reasons outside the brain cells. Since these cells do not have the ability to metastasize, they do not spread outside the area where they occur.
Benign tumors with clear borders can be easily removed by brain surgery, thanks to these features. However, in patients diagnosed late, serious symptoms may occur due to the pressure created by the tumor cell growing too much. However, although the probability of occurrence is very low, these benign tumors can turn into malignant tumors and become cancerous.
Benign brain tumor types can be listed as follows;
- Meningiomas: It consists of meningeal tissue surrounding the brain and spinal cord tissues. It has a slow growth feature and therefore the possibility of metastasis is very low. In some cases, it may cause various symptoms by causing an increase in ICP.
- Vestibular Schwannoma: They are tumors of the nerve cells that provide hearing and balance. This type of tumor grows very slowly and can cause hearing and balance problems.
- Pituitary Gland Tumors: This type of tumor originates from the pituitary gland, which is responsible for hormone control. Since there may be disruptions in hormone control, symptoms occur on the hormonal system.
Malignant Brain Tumors
Benign tumors, unlike benign tumors, are brain tumors that metastasize and become cancerous. In these tumors, lung etc. occurring in tissues cancerous cells It is possible for it to metastasize to the brain tissue and continue to metastasize to the brain tissue. Malignant brain tumors that have a very bad course surgical treatment It is not possible to get ahead in a short time.
Brain Tumor Symptoms
Brain tumors show symptoms of different severity depending on the type of cells, their size, whether they have metastasized, and the general health status of the person. The symptoms seen are mostly related to the affected part of the brain.
Symptoms seen in brain tumors can be listed as follows;
- Increased intracranial pressure
- Vision and hearing disorders
- loss of balance
- loss of strength
- Gait disorders
- Numbness and tingling in arms and legs
- personality changes
- speech problems
Causes of Brain Tumor
Brain tumor occurs as a result of abnormal increase in cell division occurring anywhere in the body or directly in the brain tissue. Because these cells grow abnormally, tissue growth develops and the cells become tumors.
Conditions that cause brain tumors and are considered risk factors are as follows:
- Genetic predisposition
- exposure to radiation
- Exposure to cancer-causing chemicals
- Some viral infections, especially AIDS
Brain Tumor Treatment
Surgical treatment, chemotherapy and radiotherapy methods are used in the treatment of brain tumor. These treatment methods can be used alone or combined It can also be used as.
- Surgical treatment: In surgical treatment, tumor cells in the brain are removed by micro and macro surgery methods. Although this treatment is mostly used in benign treatment methods, it can also be preferred in the treatment of malignant tumors.
- Chemotherapy: In chemotherapy treatment, drugs are given to the body to prevent the proliferation of cancer cells. The main purpose of chemotherapy, which has an important place in prolonging life, is to prevent the growth of the tumor.
- Radiotherapy: This treatment method is mostly preferred in brain tumors that show cancer. In this method, Gamma and X rays are sent to the tumor cells and the tumor cells are destroyed.